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These are the are the Formulas for A Level Economics 9708. Go through them to be fully prepared.! Key Formulas in Micro-Economics The demand function captures the effect of all these factors on demand for a good. Demand function: QDx=f(Px,I,Py,…) … (Equation 1) Equation 1 is read as “the quantity demanded of Good X (QDX) depends on the price of Good X (PX), consumers’ incomes (I) and the price of Good Y (PY), etc.”Supply Function The supply function can be expressed as: Supply function: QSx=f(Px,W,…) Own price elasticity of demand The own-price elasticity of demand is calculated as: EDPx=%ΔQDx%ΔPx If…

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Most of you have given your exams already. Continuing our trend our grade thresholds have been 90 to 100% accurate from previous exam sessions. So we are going to post “GCE CAIE June 2022, Expected Grade Thresholds for IGCSE, O Level, AS & A Level” subject wise. We shall update the blog on timely basis so stay tuned. Please note that the grade thresholds are of A grade. GCE June 2022 O Level EXPECTED Grade Thresholds. O level Pakistan Studies 2059 P1: 46 P2: 47 O level Islamiyat 2058 P1: 29 P2: 31 O level English Language 1123 P1: 45 P2:…

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CAIE A Level Economics 9708 has always been a challenging subject. In order to ace your AS Level Economics P1 (MCQs) exam, we have some points and strategy which you can adopt to be fully prepared for your exam! The depletion of resources will shift the production possibility curve inwards. PPC curve represents the combination of output that an economy can produce with its given resources, so if resources reduces that means potentially to produce will reduce also, that’s why PPC shifts inward. A small market will prevent a firm gaining the maximum benefit from the division of labor. A…

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These are all the small things which you should remember in O Level/IGCSE Accounting 7707/0452, in order to avoid mistakes in your exam. Financial Accounting You don’t need to confuse yourself with written down value or net book value, it simply comes after depreciation Assets, expenses and drawings have a debit balance, whereas all the other things will have a credit balance Sales invoice means that the goods are sold on CREDIT If bad debts are inside the trial balance then it means that the amount has already been deducted from trade receivables Also to note that provision for depreciation is…

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We have compiled all the definitions and equations of AS Level Physics 9702. To get full handout click here. MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES: Systematic Error: A constant or consistent error in measurement which may be attributed to a fault in the instrument or a consistent flaw in the measuring technique, and which cannot be eliminated by averaging. Random Error: An error of variable magnitude in which the readings are scattered about the true value. This type of error is due to limitations on the part of the observer or an inconsistency in measuring equipment. It can be eliminated by averaging Precision: The…

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The pandemic is giving challenging situations to everyone from bread winners to students everyone has to make sacrifices. Among all these, the ones who suffered the most are the “under-graded students”. In England, 36% of entries had a lower grade than teachers predicted and 3% were down two grades, in results after exams were cancelled by the pandemic. At top priority, many students got their scholarships cancelled. Not everyone can afford expensive study thus they had struggled hard for these scholarships. A good number of students were already enrolled into reputable universities on basis of their past results but now…

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These are chapter wise formula sheet for AS & A Level Business 9609. Go through the formula sheet to be fully prepared for your exam! CHAPTER 1: 1: Added Value = Selling Price – Cost of Raw Materials CHAPTER 3: 2: Market Share = Sales of business/Sales of Industry  x 100 3: Market Capitalization= Current share price x total no of shares Issued CHAPTER 7: 4: Income Elasticity of Demand = % Change in Demand                                                        % Change…

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This indeed is a moment when all of your future depends upon the choice you make. There is no room for experimentation, for you risk crushing your dreams to pieces if you take the wrong turn. On one hand, there is the undeniable quality education of A Level that will hand over to you an international degree, and on the other hand, there is the local education system where it’s easier to score marks, and perhaps even easier to adapt to certain higher studies that you will be pursuing afterwards. IS FSC HARDER THAN A LEVELS? There never is a…

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It’s been a stressful year? You have been pulling out all stops to make it to your A*. You know, sacrificing your favorite hobbies, and having your head in your books while everyone else partied.  Or maybe you didn’t ditch the social gatherings or your hobbies, but still worked your best.  But, here’s the thing, at the end of the day, regardless of the amount of work we put in, we all are worried.  How would we know if all the hard work you have done till now will take it to your desired grade or your aspired goal? Would it really work? Whether…

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A Level Economics is regarded as one of the challenging courses of Cambridge A Level. There are tips and tricks to write good and impress the examiners. To begin with a a few typical comments made by CAIE examiners: Too Vague Misses point of the Question Does not answer the question Commentary not made These comments indicates that candidates have not done what was expected from them in the examination. So, in order to improve your answering structure and to impress any examiner reading your script is: You should produce an answer as directed by the question. The information above,…

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